Top 6 International NGOs in Pakistan and other non-profit organizations are working on the structure where the typical sources of revenue for non-governmental organizations are donations, funding grants from unilateral and multi-lateral agencies, membership fees, miscellaneous sources and interest and dividends on investments. These groups’ acclaim comes from consistent and well-organized delivery of critically important services such as medical care, environmental education and advocacy, and human rights protection.
Non-Governmental Organization(NGO) is an organization, usually non-profit, that operates independently of a government. Contrary to common usage, the NGO title does not necessarily imply the organization works abroad; NGOs can be local, national, or international. NGOs came in to use in 1945. The term was coined during one of the conferences of The United Nations, as a measure to distinguish organizations from inter-governmental and member organizations. Though the term NGO received recognition only after 1945, studies suggest that several organizations were actively engaged against slavery, racism and women suffrage during the late eighteenth century.
Since World War II and particularly since the 1970s, NGOs have proliferated, especially at the national and local levels. At the international level, large numbers of NGOs have been created to address issues such as human rights, women’s rights, and environmental protection. At the same time, international NGOs have become important actors in world affairs within the UN and its specialized agencies and within other forums.
A variety of factors have contributed to the growth of NGOs, including globalization; the increasing prominence of transnational issues such as those just mentioned; the growth in UN-sponsored global conferences, which often include parallel NGO forums; the communications revolution, which has linked individuals and groups through facsimile (fax), the Internet, and e-mail; and the spread of democracy, which has bolstered civil society and enabled individuals to form and operate organizations more freely. By the early 21st century, there were some 6,000 recognized international NGOs.
NGOs are influential because of their expertise and their access to important sources of information. As a result, a significant share of development aid and humanitarian relief is now channeled through such organizations. In some cases, however, the sheer number of NGOs as well as their diversity make it difficult for them to develop a coordinated approach to certain problems. Another factor that tends to limit their effectiveness is their perceived lack of representativeness. Many international NGOs, for example, claim to speak for the peoples of Africa, Asia, or Latin America, though their leadership is drawn almost exclusively from Europe or North America.
Since the late 20th century, some governments have reacted to the growing power and influence of NGOs by accusing them of being undemocratic and accountable only to those who provide them with funding. Other governments have attempted to prevent certain NGOs from participating in international decision-making forums. Despite these difficulties, NGOs continue to play an important role in developing global norms and rules on a wide range of transnational issues.
At the moment local foundations are working day and night to provide social welfare in all sectors but the importance of international NGOs can never be neglected as the mega project’s initiatives are always taken with international funding’s. So, let’s take a look on such international NGOs which are working in Pakistan for the betterment of society.
Bilqees Sarwar Foundation (BSF) a non-profit organization whose headquarters are based in Dubai and it was established in 2005 to support the welfare of society all around the world. BSF major concerns in providing the relief are focused in healthcare, education and humanitarian reliefs. The organization is majorly distributing disaster relief supplies in Nepal, Syria, Pakistan and many other countries where the need of such reliefs are required. The Chairwoman of BSF Mrs. Bilqees Sarwar commented during the inauguration ceremony held at the Bilqees Sarwar Hospital were,
“I wish to see my children excelling in their fields and my dream is to establish a healthcare centre with international-standard facilities. We are successfully moving in the right direction towards achieving our objectives.”
BSF in collaboration with many organizations supplied humanitarian relief products at different times such as when Nepal was hit by the devastating earthquake then through NRS International, parent company distributed 400 core relief items and solar products to earthquake victims. BSF granted more than seventy thousand dollars scholarships to students from the age of 3 to 18 in Lahore, Pakistan. In the healthcare sector, under the BSF administration, there was an inauguration of Bilqees Sarwar Hospital on 22nd September 2015 which is the Punjab’s largest free dialysis center with highly skilled doctors and state of the art equipment. Moreover, BSF is expanding its roots to many other countries and focusing on the expansion of initiated projects to support the local community and to build the society on equality and approachable facilities to all levels.
One of the top 6 international NGOs in Pakistan is The United Nations Children’s Fund was established on 11th December, 1946 right after the World War II and this is a project run under United Nations (UN) administration which focuses on providing primarily humanitarian and assistance to children and their mothers in developing and under-developed countries. UNICEF headquarter is based in New York City, Geneva and the main contribution relies on government and private donors.
In Pakistan, UNICEF has expanded its emergency response interventions and partnerships to meet the needs of families in the flood-affected areas. UNICEF field presence has been bolstered through the establishment of emergency field offices in Multan (Punjab province), Sukkur and Hyderabad (Sindh province), facilitated by immediate redeployment of staff from Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore, to extend UNICEF’s reach into the most heavily affected areas, shorten travel time and allow UNICEF staff to be closer to the affected population. The major contribution of an organization is found in health and nutrition sector, expanded programs on immunization, polio eradication, education, child protection, water hygiene and sanitation plus a major portion humanitarian services are activated in all affected areas of Pakistan.
The United States Agency for International Development (US AID) is the US agency which is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid. It was established on 3rd November 1961 and their headquarters are in Washington D.C, majorly funded by people of America with the annual budgeting of 27.2 billion dollars. At the moment US AID is serving people for the welfare of society in 25 countries including Pakistan, Afghanistan, South Africa, Iraq and much more. USAID helps all levels of the Government of Pakistan address citizen priorities and enable government institutions to fulfill their roles and responsibilities in a transparent and accountable manner.
Over the past decade, the United States citizens, through USAID, has given Pakistan nearly $7.7 billion of funding. Pakistan remains one of America’s largest recipients of foreign assistance, a sign of our long-term partnership and commitment. US AID is improving life’s of underprivileged people by contributing in sectors of health, education, economic growth, energy resources and humanitarian relief projects and these projects help in supporting Pakistanis to create a stable and prosperous country, U.S. assistance will have a greater and more sustainable impact over the long-term.
SOS Children’s Villages
SOS Children’s Village was established in 1949 at Vienna, Austria by Hermann Gmeiner who is a philanthropist and run many projects for the welfare of children under this organization. The organization is working towards the goal of one day being able to provide shelter to every deserving child in the country. This is a realistic target as the organization admits only those children who are either complete orphans or, categorized as ‘social’ orphans. Social orphans are the result of the mother being remarried or having an incurable disease or mental illness and, as a consequence, being unable to provide for the children. This allows such children to live normal lives and a sense of confidence is instilled in them that develops their full potential.
SOS Village joins hands with many profit organization like UBER, The Educators, Samsung, PEL and many others to provide quality of education to deserving students and to provide them equal opportunities to grow and compete in practical life. Under the umbrella of SOS Village,
SOS Hermann Gmeiner inaugurated primary school in Islamabad on 29th March 2017. Mr. Raffat Mahmood and Mrs. Shaista Raffat specially came to Pakistan from Washington for this event and brought a special message from former US President Mr. Barack Obama and Michelle Obama for the children of SOS Islamabad. Their main focus is to provide family to orphan children with love, respect and security.
The Fred Hollows Foundation
On 3rd September 1992, Fred Hollows who was an eye surgeon started working on the welfare of people in providing treatment for vision problems and preventing from blindness under The Fred Hollows Foundation. This nonprofit organization initially started working from Sydney, Australia and with the ongoing operations the organization expanded their services in providing ophthalmology treatments in other 25 countries like Afghanistan, Nepal, China, Pakistan and many others. The organization main focus was to provide eye treatment with cases found childhood blindness, diabetic retinopathy patients, women and children with eye surgeries and old people with reduction of eyesight; so, these common diseases were treated under highly skilled staff to eliminate eye diseases and to provide healthy life.
In 1998, The Fred Hollows Foundation and their partners started providing free services in Pakistan by setting free eye camps in different corners of the geographical boundaries. Their treatment main aim was to facilitate people with eye related problems in an environment where the reach of eye medical assistance could be approachable and affordable for all deserving’s. For the purpose of eye treatment camps, more than 8500 staff was trained to handle an estimate of 400,000 patients. Moreover, 76,781 people received eye surgical operations and the CEO of the foundation Brian Doolan says, “Our work in Pakistan has helped halve the rate of blindness.” The foundation setup training camps where 236 surgeons, 152 clinical staff and more than 4800 community health workers were trained to provide permeant cure to the society. These longer lasting steps created an outstanding result in maintaining a fight against eye-related disease and to create a better environment where people can see equally.
Plan International, one of the top 6 international NGOs in Pakistan which is a non-profit organization was founded in 1937 by John Langdon-Davies and this an independent development and humanitarian organization which works in 71 countries across world, in Africa, the Americas, and Asia to advance children’s rights and equality for girls. During the Spanish Civil War by British journalist John Langdon-Davies and aid worker Eric Muggeridge. Originally known as “Childreach, the organization was founded with the mission of protecting and promoting the rights of children. The foundation has 806 million-euro funds and major contributors are the general public. Their main headquarters are based in Working, the United Kingdom from where the foundation is focusing on: Child protection, education, child participation, economic security, emergencies, health, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and water and sanitation.
In 1997, Plan International started their operations started with district-level campaigns at 24 locations and in five provinces of Pakistan by developing Child Centered Community Development (CCCD) method. The country office is located in the capital city and project units are created at different corners of each province to mobilize the operations and to connect centrally with the main aim of child protection rights and to provide them a better life. The foundation is delivering education facilities, health facilities, economic empowerment and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Management (CCDKM) which provide services during any natural disaster where children get separated from their families. Plan International initiated female-only rikshaw service in Chakwal with an aim to provide a sense of empowerment and to break gender stereotype trends in the society. Thus, the organization is still expanding its services to those areas which became noticeable during the services and the cycle of maintaining a better society will improve with the passage of deliverance.